Installing Bro

libpcap Installation

Napatech SmartNIC
Software Installation Guide

About this task

This section describes an example of installing Bro from source, in case you cannot use a precompiled Bro packaged.

You will usually be able to find a suitable precompiled Bro package for your OS distribution. Please refer to Installing and Running libpcap Applications for general information about how to install and use package-based applications with Napatech libpcap.

For general information about installation of Bro, please refer to

For installation instructions for specific Bro versions, refer to the INSTALL file in the Bro package.

Before you begin

For details about prerequisites, go to

For example, to install dependencies for compiling and running Bro 2.5 on RH/CentOS 7.x:
$ sudo yum install cmake make gcc gcc-c++ flex bison openssl-devel python-devel swig zlib-devel

Bro 2.4.1 is the last version that can be compiled without C++11 support. More recent versions of Bro requires a compiler with C++11 support, for example GCC 4.8 or later. Check the version of your compiler:

$ gcc --version
gcc (GCC) 4.4.7 20120313 (Red Hat 4.4.7-18)

If your GCC version is < 4.8, you can either install Bro 2.4.1 or earlier, or update your compiler toolchain.

You may be able to install a newer compiler as part of a Developer Toolset package.

For RHEL 6, please refer to

On CentOS 6.x, you can for example install a Developer Toolset package this way:
$ wget -O /etc/yum.repos.d/devtools-2.repo
$ sudo yum install devtoolset-2-gcc devtoolset-2-binutils devtoolset-2-gcc-c++

The Developer Toolset is also available for RHEL and CentOS from

Before configuring and compiling Bro, start a new shell with the Developer Tools enabled, and check that the correct GCC compiler will be used:
$ scl enable devtoolset-2 bash
$ gcc --version
gcc (GCC) 4.8.2 20140120 (Red Hat 4.8.2-15)


To install Bro:


  1. To download Bro, execute the following command:
    $ wget
  2. To extract and configure Bro, execute the following commands:
    $ tar xzvf bro-2.5.tar.gz
    $ cd bro-2.5
    $ ./configure  --prefix=/opt/napatech3 --with-pcap=/opt/napatech3
  3. To build and install Bro, execute the following commands:

    For FreeBSD:

    $ gmake
    $ sudo gmake install

    For Linux:

    $ make
    $ sudo make install
  4. To use the Napatech interfaces, edit the /opt/napatech3/etc/node.cfg file according to your specific configuration.

    This example sets up a 2-node cluster that listens on the Napatech pcap devices napa0 and napa1. This configuration works with the default ntpcap.ini file (see The Default ntpcap.ini File).

    # Example BroControl node configuration.
    # This is a complete standalone configuration.  Most likely you will
    # only need to change the interface.
    # [bro]
    # type=standalone
    # host=localhost
    # interface=napa0
    ## Below is an example clustered configuration. If you use this,
    ## remove the [bro] node above.
  5. The procedure for deploying a new configuration depends on the version of Bro. This should work with recent versions of Bro:
    $ /opt/napatech3/bin/ 
    Starting NTService                                          [NTService already running]
    $ /opt/napatech3/bin/broctl 
    Hint: Run the broctl "deploy" command to get started.
    Welcome to BroControl 1.4
    Type "help" for help.
    [BroControl] > install
    creating policy directories ... done.
    installing site policies ... done.
    generating cluster-layout.bro ... done.
    generating local-networks.bro ... done.
    generating broctl-config.bro ... done.
    updating nodes ... done.
    [BroControl] > check
    manager scripts are ok.
    proxy-1 scripts are ok.
    worker-1 scripts are ok.
    worker-2 scripts are ok.
    [BroControl] > start
    starting manager ...
    starting proxy-1 ...
    starting worker-1 ...
    starting worker-2 ...