API: Create a Bi-Directional Flow

Stateful Flow Management

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Napatech SmartNIC
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User Guide

Use this example to create a bi-directional flow for IPv4 TCP packets.

The flow matcher configuration is set up with NTPL. While the supported types of flows are only limited by an upper limit to number of fields read from a package, this code snippet, and the following sections, will focus on setting up the flow manager for bi-directional IPv4 TCP traffic.

This snippet will setup the FPGA to count packets received on known/learned flows then drop them; it will direct packets received on unknown, or not learned, flows to stream ID 1; and finally it will direct packets to stream ID 0 in the rare case that the FPGA was too busy to perform the lookup.

To set up this flow manager the following NTPL commands are used:

  • KeyType defines the number and size of fields used by the flow manager
  • KeyDef defines the location and masks of the fields defined by KeyType
  • Assign set up filter and Key tests based on KeyDef for the flow manager
Note: The packet descriptor Dyn4 in this snippet is used to specify the offset0, such that offset0 points directly to IPv4 source address.
Example:
KeyType[Name=kt] = {sw_32_32,   sw_16_16}
KeyDef[Name=kd; KeyType=kt; IpProtocolField=Outer] = (Layer3Header[12]/32/32,  Layer4Header[0]/16/16)

DefineMacro(\"LearnFilterCheck\", \"Port==$1 and Layer3Protocol==IPv4 and Layer4Protocol==TCP\")

Assign[StreamId=1; Descriptor=DYN4, ColorBits=FlowID, Offset0=Layer3Header[12]; ColorMask=1] = LearnFilterCheck(0) and Key(kd, KeyID=1)==MISS
Assign[StreamId=Drop; Descriptor=DYN4, ColorBits=FlowID, Offset0=Layer3Header[12]; ColorMask=1] = LearnFilterCheck(1) and Key(kd, KeyID=1, FieldAction=Swap)==MISS

Assign[StreamId=0] = LearnFilterCheck(0) and Key(kd, KeyID=1)==UNHANDLED
Assign[StreamId=0] = LearnFilterCheck(1) and Key(kd, KeyID=1, FieldAction=Swap)==UNHANDLED

Assign[StreamId=Drop] = LearnFilterCheck(0) and Key(kd, KeyID=1, CounterSet=CSA)==4
Assign[StreamId=Drop] = LearnFilterCheck(1) and Key(kd, KeyID=1, CounterSet=CSB, FieldAction=Swap)==4